But it can lead to a life-threatening illness for people with a weak immune system. Those at risk are:. You may not have any symptoms. If symptoms do develop, they often last about 2 weeks and sometimes longer. But even if you have no symptoms, the parasite is passed in your stool for up to 2 months. During this time you are at risk of spreading the infection to others.
Most people with a healthy immune system do not need to be treated as cryptosporidiosis will resolve on its own. In those who have weak immune systems, the focus of treatment is often on getting the immunity back. Otherwise, a medicine called nitazoxanide can be used to treat this parasite.
No treatment works fully against the infection. If you have a healthy immune system, you will likely recover on your own. People who are in poor health or have a weak immune system may get a more serious infection. In some cases, you may need to take medicine for diarrhea. There is no vaccine to prevent cryptosporidiosis.
The best way to protect yourself is with good personal hygiene. Call your healthcare provider right away if your symptoms return or get worse, or you have new ones. Health Home Conditions and Diseases. What causes cryptosporidiosis? Cryptosporidiosis is caused by the parasite Cryptosporidium.
Once inside your body, the parasite passes through your digestive tract and infects your stool. Anything contaminated with the infected stool can pass the infection on to other people. Who is at risk for cryptosporidiosis?
This includes: Swallowing water contaminated with the parasite. The parasite can be found in swimming pools, hot tubs, jacuzzis, lakes, rivers, springs, ponds, or streams contaminated with sewage or stool. Eating uncooked foods tainted with the parasite. Swallowing the parasite picked up from surfaces contaminated with the stool of an infected person.
This includes bathroom fixtures, changing tables, and diaper pails. Each person may have slightly different symptoms. These are the most common symptoms: Diarrhea Loose or watery stools Vomiting Weight loss Stomach cramps Fever You may not have any symptoms. How is cryptosporidiosis diagnosed? Your healthcare provider will look at a stool sample. Sometimes multiple stool samples usually 3 will be needed since this parasite is found only intermittently in the stool.
You will need special testing because tests for this disease are not routinely done in labs. How is cryptosporidiosis treated? Your healthcare provider will figure out the best treatment for you based on: How old you are Your overall health and past health How sick you are How well you can handle specific medicines, procedures, or therapies How long the condition is expected to last Your opinion or preference No treatment works fully against the infection.
Can cryptosporidiosis be prevented? Also: Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water after using the toilet or changing diapers. Wash your hands thoroughly before eating or making food. Wash and peel all raw fruits and vegetables before eating. Don't drink water from lakes, rivers, springs, ponds, or streams, unless they have been filtered and chemically treated. Don't drink any water or eat any food that may be tainted.
When traveling to countries where the water supply may be unsafe, do not drink unboiled tap water. Also do not eat any raw foods washed with tap water. When species typing is undertaken, Cryptosporidium parvum is the most common strain detected in the spring peak infection mainly acquired from contact with infected lambs and calves and Cryptosporidium hominis most common in the autumn peak infection often acquired from overseas travel and from recreational water activities.
Outbreak Control Team Report into the outbreak of cryptosporidiosis in North West Wales, An outbreak of cryptosporidiosis occurred in North West Wales in the last quarter of The number of confirmed cases associated with the outbreak was Several lines of investigation produced evidence that the outbreak was waterborne and linked to the mains water supply from Llyn Cwellyn.
Outbreak Control Team Report into the outbreak of cryptosporidiosis in a swimming pool complex in Merthyr Tydfil summer : In the late summer of , an outbreak of Cryptosporidium hominis infection occurred in association with a swimming pool complex in Merthyr Tydfil.
There were cases meeting the case definition, of which 45 were confirmed through laboratory testing. The majority of cases 93 were primary, with only 13 cases of secondary spread. An addendum to this report is also available. Reports of the rates and numbers of laboratory-confirmed Cryptosporidium infections in Wales are published monthly and are available to download from: Monthly All-Wales Laboratory-Confirmed Infections and Notifications Reports.
Rate of Cryptosporidium in Wales: Laboratory reports of Cryptosporidium spp. Rate per , population. If further surveillance data for Cryptosporidium in Wales is required, it may be possible to provide it on special request. Please use the surveillance data request form provided from this link. About Us.
Public Health Wales Main Site. How We Use Your Information. Infectious Disease Data for Wales. Surveillance Data by Health Board. Immunisation and Vaccine Preventable Diseases. Healthcare Associated Infections.
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Cryptosporidiosis is a parasite infection of animals, which can be passed to humans. It is a fairly common disease in man and in domestic animals such as. Cryptosporidiosis is an infection of your bowels (gastroenteritis) which can lead to diarrhoea and sometimes being sick (vomiting). Cryptosporidiosis is a disease that causes watery diarrhea. It can be found in water, food, soil or on surfaces or dirty hands that have been contaminated.